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Trip to Prague (Czech Republic)

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and is known in the world as the "Golden City" or the "City of the 100 Towers", this place invites to the different experience where its streets and buildings in the form of castles make it something truly magical as if it were the fairy tales we know.

The city of Prague is a Perfect combination between nature and medieval architecture, its streets and places make you go back to the past to find stories of castles, knights, battles and conquests.

Su historic center is spectacular with the Old Town square and its Astronomical Clock, although you can not forget the Mala Strana neighborhood, with its famous castle, walk through the Jewish quarter with its synagogues and cemetery, or cross the Charles Bridge, one of the emblems from the city.

Weather in Prague

El Weather in Prague It's continental. In case you do not have it very clear: it is about extreme temperatures in both poles; that is to say that it is characterized by have very cold and dry wintersand absolutely hot summers. A climate quite similar to the one in Spain, for example.

En general, the best time to travel to Prague that late spring (April and May) as well as early summer (June and July). These months have some much milder temperatures that during the winter and in autumn.

Discover the best hotels, bed and breakfasts, inns, hostels and holiday rentals in Prague

How to get to the city of Prague

By plane

Prague Ruzyne Airport is a civil international airport located in the northwest corner of Prague and is located at 17 km from the city center. To go from the airport to the city center by car you need between 20 and 25 minutes or about 55 minutes by public transport. This is the airport with the most air traffic not only in the Czech Republic, but also throughout Central Europe. Here operate more than 50 companies with connections to near 100 international destinations.

The airport is composed of two terminals:

  1. La terminal one for intercontinental flights including flights from the United Kingdom, North America, the Middle East, Africa and Asia.
  2. La terminal two for flights from the states of the European Union and members of the Schengen agreement.

If you had intention de Take the subway or the train to get to the city center, DO NOT you will be able to do it, since DO NOT exists.

La cheapest option is the bus, but it is like everything, it has its drawbacks: full of people, they do not arrive until the door of the hotel, and if above the luggage exceeds a few measures preset (25x45x70), you have to pay an extra price.

Tickets can be purchased at the Public Transportation Information stand at the airport, or at the bus driver, but in this second case, it will cost you a little more. He ticket is worth to travel during 75 minutes.

These are the numbers of the buses that you can take to move to the city:

  • 119 bus: covers the route between the airport and the Dejvická metro station (metro line A). It is the best option if you are going to go near the historical center of Prague (Malá Strana, Staré Mesto, Wenceslas Square y Prague Castle) or anywhere along subway line A, especially the districts of Vinohrady or Žižkov.
  • 100 bus: It covers the route between the airport and the Zlicín metro station (metro line B). Take this bus if you are near any of the stations Metro on line B, as well as the New Town (Nove Mesto) or the Smíchov district. The bus leaves each 15 minutes during the day and each 30 minutes after the 7 in the afternoon, and the journey takes about 16 minutes.
  • 179 bus: connects the airport and the Nové Butovice metro station, line B (40 min.)
  • 225 bus: connects the airport and the Nové Butovice metro station, line B (50 min.)
  • 254 bus: connects the airport and the Dejvická metro station, line A (23 min.)

For travel from the airport to downtown at night, there is a special bus, which is the 510, which leaves you in about 12 minutes in Divoká Šárka, where you have to take the 51 tram if you want to approach one to the center. It can be a little more complicated if you do not know it, but you can get to the center.

You can check the bus schedules online through the page (in English): http://www.dpp.cz/en

By bus

The main bus station in Prague is Praha Nádraží Florenc, located in the New Town and very close to Praha Hlavni Nadrazi. Both international and domestic buses arrive at this terminal.

The main company that arrives at the Praha Nádraží Florenc bus station is Eurolines, that It arrives directly from France, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Croatia, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Lithuania, Holland, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden.

From the following address you can see schedules and routes to get to Prague: http://www.eurolines.es/

By train

Prague has two international train terminals, Hlavni Nadrazi and Nadrazi Holesovice. Both stations connect to the metro line 3 to facilitate transportation within the city. exist two other terminals, but they are more for national use (Smichov and Masarykovo Nadrazi).

  • The main station (Hlavni Nadrazi) is basically in the center of Prague, on Wilsonova Street, just 5 minutes from Wenceslas Square and other places of interest. It is well connected to the rest of the city thanks to the metro line C (red) and at trolley car. Although walking is a few steps from the city center, the park next door can be a bit dangerous, especially at night. Therefore, it is advisable to take the metro.
  • Holesovice Praha station is located north of the city center, on Partyzanska Street. It is the second largest station and It is only three stops away Metro of Hlavni nadrazi. Express trains from the west and north of Europe stop here on their way to southern Europe. This is also the destination of the trains coming from the north (Dresden, Berlin, Hamburg).
  • The Smichov station, as its name suggests, is located in Smichov, on Nadrazni Street, at about 15 minutes in Metro From the center of the city. It is a small station with trains leaving the western part of the Czech Republic. The station is used mainly by Czech citizens when going to work.
  • The Masarykovo Nadrazi station is the oldest in Prague and is located in the center of the city, near Namesti Republiky and the bus terminal, on Hybernska street. Trains depart from here to local destinations such as Kolin, Kutna Hora and Hradec Králové.

If you need more information about lines, routes and schedules, you can find them at the following address (in English): http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlaky/spojeni/

What is the best time to travel to Prague?

If you are going to go in summer, you have to bear in mind that you are going to find the mass tourism city, but you have the advantage that it is when there are more sunny hours. In addition, the heat is not exactly excessive, and it is very pleasant to walk among its streets.

Prague - Overview of the city
Prague - Overview of the city @David Maska / Shutterstock


Prague is a city that falls in love when you go, so here are some recommendations:

El Summer usually has an average temperature of 20 degrees, as you can see it is not that much, so it is a fact to take into account if you are going to travel is this time. The good thing about summer is that it is when more hours of sun are going to find.

If you go in winter, pay special attention to the cold, since you will be many days at zero degrees. This time has the advantage that there is much less tourism, and that you can contemplate the snowy city and its completely frozen river, a sight that is worth seeing.

Maybe the best time to go is spring or autumn, there are still plenty of sunny hours, many days are still mild, and tourism is not excessive as in summer. Of course, the bad thing is that it rains a lot and it becomes quite necessary to use the umbrella.

As you can read, Each season of the year has its advantages and disadvantages, so it is you who have to decide which one suits you best.

How to move inside the city of Prague

By bus

Si you are going to stay in Prague, then you probably will not use the buses, unless you're in the outskirts. The buses are not allowed in the city center since they produce pollution and the streets are too narrow, so their use is mainly intended to take people to the metro and tram stops. The Tickets are available at the usual points of sale (You can always buy the driver, but it costs 4 more crowns).

Throughout the night there are 12 buses They go to outside areas not covered by the tram and the subway. The night service is mainly provided by bus lines 502 to 514 and 601 to 603.

The bus schedules are at the stops. The regular bus service operates from the 4: 30 in the morning to the 12: 00 in the evening. During the day, buses run at rush hour at intervals of 6-8 minutes and 10-20 minutes outside rush hour. On weekends, depending on the bus, the interval is 15-30 minutes.

The night buses (numbers 501 to 512) work from the 12: 30 of the night to the 4: 30 of the morning in intervals of 40 minutes.

This is a summary of the main bus stations existing in Prague (although logically there are hundreds of them).

  • Florenc: it is the main bus station, and it is where most of the buses that come from other countries arrive. From here you can quickly and easily access the center (5 minutes by taking the line "B" by subway). It is located on Krizikova Street, 8.
  • Na Knížecí: It does national routes, it is on the street Nadrazni, 5, very close to the metro line "B".
  • Holešovice: located on the street Partyzanska, 7, links to the metro line "C" (Nadrazi Holesovice).
  • Roztyly: located on the street Rysaveho, 4, links to the "C" line of the metro (Roztyly).
  • Černý Most: links to line "B" of metro (Cerny Most).

By tram

Prague - Tram
Prague - Tram @Milosz Aniol / Shutterstock

The days work from the 4: 30 in the morning to the 12 at night, and the night starts at the 12 at night to finish the 4: 30 in the morning. Keep in mind that the frequency of trams is much higher for the day than at night.

The Trams in Prague work both day and night, which guarantees that you will not have any problem when moving around the city at any time.

Must make special mention adthe trams you will use, the 22, which is the one that takes you to the top of the hill to access the Prague Castle, and the 91, which is a tram that makes a tourist tour of an hour that travels the main points of the city.

This last costs 35 crowns and only circulates the holidays and weekends from March to November from the 12: 00 to the 17: 00. The tram route goes from Výstaviste, crosses Malá Strana, through the Vltava, to the National Theater, and then continues through Wenceslas Square and returns to Výstaviste via Náměstí Republiky.

By subway

As for subway schedules, it is operative from the 5: 00 in the morning until the 12: 00 at night, with a frequency about two minutes at rush hour, and 10 minutes away from it.

Prague - Metro
Prague - Metro @Nathan Jaskowiak / Shutterstock

El Prague metro is the best way to get around within the city, and covers, next to the tram, all the destinations that you want to approach. There are three lines (A - green, B - yellow and C - red) with more than 50 stops.

From the green line, you are interested to know where you are going to be able to find the stops Dejvicka (it's where the 119 bus leaves you from the airport), Malostranska (where you can take the 22 tram to the castle and the cathedral), Staromestska (to get to the Jewish quarter) and Mustek (to get to Wenceslas Square).

From the yellow line, you are interested to know where you are going to find the stops Florenc (here you have the main bus station), Namestí Republiky (here you have the powder tower), Mustek (to get to Wenceslas Square) and Zlicin (It's where the 100 bus leaves you from the airport).

From the red line, you are interested to know where you are going to find the stops Florenc (here you have the main bus station) and Vysehrad (from here it is easy to reach the fortress and the gardens).

Types of transport tickets in Prague

All The city's transportation network is unified, in this way the tickets can be used to travel by bus, tram or metro.

General considerations to take into account when traveling

  • If you are going to move with luggage and overcomes some pre-established measures (25x45x70), you have to pay an extra price.
  • Children up to 6 years travel for free.
  • The Children between 6 and 15 years and 60 seniors years have a discount of 50%.

Normal tickets

  • El limited ticket allows to use the tram and the bus without changing. On the subway it is worth 30 minutes, and you can travel 5 stations at most.
  • El normal ticket allows travel in any means of transport can be used during the 75 minutes following which it has been removed.

Travel Pass

  • El daily subscription It allows you to travel in any means of transport during 24 hours.
  • El three-day subscription It allows you to travel in any means of transport during 72 hours.
  • El five-day subscription It allows you to travel in any means of transport during 120 hours.

Prague Card

If you plan to visit Prague and spend several days among its streets, monuments and museums, you can It is very interesting to acquire the Prague Card, since it can mean a quite considerable saving of money.

When buying this card, you have included access to more than 50 monuments, as well as a guide with the schedules, prices and how to get to each of them.

To know if it's worth it or not, you have to bear in mind that only entering some obligatory monuments to visit, such as the castle, will cost you 4 or 5 €. So the answer is yes, WORTH.

The shape faster and more convenient to acquire the card is to buy it online and send it to the hotel for free. In the reservation you only have to indicate the hotel and the date of arrival, in this way you will have the Prague Card upon check-in. If you find it more comfortable, You can also choose to collect the card in the Wenceslas Square

The card is sold online (https://www.praguecard.com), In Tourist offices, at the airport and in many of the hotels, so it's easy to access.

What are the places not to miss if you visit Prague?

Prague is a city full of interesting places to see, all its architecture and monuments are worthy of admiration, there are places where we will enjoy the old designs of the city where we will learn a bit of history, but on the other hand we will see a modern and developed city, without a doubt the tourist attractions are centered in the historical side and although they are many they are possible to mention the following ones.

The Charles Bridge

Prague - Charles Bridge
Prague - Charles Bridge @ mumblegrumble / Shutterstock

Although it may seem calm and romantic, the Vltava river It has not always been as quiet as it looks today. Its fury, combined with the power of heavy rains, has flooded several times and destroyed the bridges built on it..

The Charles Bridge is not the exception. It has been many times a victim of floods and natural disasters. However, it still stands and it is to be hoped that it will remain eternally a symbol of Prague.

The bridge has 516 meters long and almost 10 m wide, supported on 16 arches protected by ice guards. Is protected by three towers, two of them on the side of Malá Strana and the third on the side of the Old City.

The bridge is decorated with 30 sculptures and statues, most of them baroque style, built around 1700. Now the original statues are preserved in the Lapidary and the statues in the Charles Bridge are replicas.

How to get to the Charles Bridge: just take the metro of the green line (A) and download in Staromestska. You can also do it by tram, taking the 17 or 18 and going down in Krizovnicke namesti.

The Cathedral of San Vito

For more than 600 years, the roofs of Prague Castle have been glimpsed by the towers of the Cathedral of San Vito. It is the seat of the archbishopric of Prague and the place where the saints, kings, princes and emperors of Bohemia are buried.

  • Prague - St. Vitus Cathedral
    Prague - St. Vitus Cathedral @ DavidEwingPhotography / Shutterstock
    West Side: when walking from the second to the third patio, the first thing you see is the western part of the impressive San Vito Cathedral. There is also the main entrance to the cathedral. The western part of the cathedral is characterized by the two tall towers and the Ventana Rosa.
  • South side: When you follow the third patio, you can see the most gothic facade of the Cathedral of San Vito. You can climb the tower, as long as the weather is nice, yes, there are 287 steps, and from there you have an exceptional view of Prague.
  • Golden Portal: to the right of the tower is the old entrance to the cathedral, called Portal Dorado. A large mosaic above the entrance was enhanced in a Bohemian glass factory with the assistance of Italian artists. It represents the Last Judgment and you can see Jesus surrounded by angels and Czech patrons. The mosaic has a surface area of ​​82 square meters.
  • Interior: the Cathedral of San Vito is composed of a central nave with narrow corridors and small chapels. The chapels are illuminated by the light that passes through the windows of colors that show sacred motifs.
  • Mausoleum and royal crypt: in front of the main altar of St. Vitus Cathedral is the royal marble mausoleum with the royal crypt, where the kings of Bohemia were buried, below it. The Mausoleum consists of the tombs of Ferdinand I of Austria, his wife Anne of Bohemia and Hungary and Emperor Maximilian II.
  • The Famous Chapels: the masterpiece of the Cathedral of San Vito is the Chapel of St. Wenceslas, created in the fourteenth century by Charles IV in honor of the patron of the Czech lands of St. Wenceslas. This chapel is known for its rich and beautiful decorations.

In India there is Royal crypt below the cathedral are the tombs of Charles IV, his four wives, Wenceslaus IV, Ladislaus the Posthumous, Jorge de Podebrady, Rudolf II and the daughter of Maria Teresa of Austria, Maria Amalia of Austria.

How to get to the Cathedral of San Vito: the Cathedral of San Vito find inside the Prague Castle. You can access it well by taking the 22 and 23 trams from the Malostranska metro stop or climb on foot. Although there is a barrier to the castle entrance, admission is free.

The astronomical clock of Prague

The figures of the 12 apostles, blessing the city every hour, were added in more recent times, during the repair work carried out between the years 1865-1866. In addition to the figures of the apostles, there are 8 figures fixed to the left and right of the clock face and calendar.

Prague - Astronomical Clock
Prague - Astronomical Clock @ Artush / Shutterstock

The astronomical clock It was built in 1410 by the watchmaker Mikulas Kadan in collaboration with Jan Ondrejuv, professor of mathematics and astronomy at the Carolina University in Prague. The impressive mechanism built over 600 years ago still running correctly. 80 years later, the legendary master Hanus reconstructed the clock and as legend says, the councilor left him blinded, in this way, he would never be able to build another instrument bigger than the Orloj in Prague.

Under the clock dial you can see the calendar, painted by Josef Manes in 1805. Well, the one you see is actually a replica, the original is kept safely on the sides of the staircase of the Prague History Museum. Returning to our figures, in the calendar you will see: a chronicler, an angel, an astronomer and philosopher (from left to right).

The four figures on the clock face are symbols of medieval Prague society. On the left side we can find the Vanity, which is admired in a mirror and the Avar with his bag of gold. On the right side death is represented by ringing the bell and a Turk shaking his head.

The Sphere or watch face shows the most important astronomical events: the movement of the sun (note that the sun circles around the Earth and not vice versa), the phases of the moon, the equinoxes, the seasons, the days and the zodiac.The Clock Tower is also decorated with shields of weapons and with different real symbols.

There is also a rooster that sings after the apostles have finished their blessing. It may seem like the funniest thing, but in the Orloj of Prague you can read almost anything except time.

How to get to the astronomical clock: you have to get off on the "A" line of the metro at the stop Starometskaand follow the signs to the old square, where the clock is located.

The old Jewish synagogue

Prague - Interior of the old Jewish synagogue
Prague - Interior of the old Jewish synagogue @ MYLOS / Shutterstock

The activity of the synagogue has an impressive history of more than 700 years, having been interrupted only between 1941 and 1945 due to the Nazi occupation. Now It is open to the public every day except Saturdays and Jewish holidays.

If you are already in the center of Prague, it would be a shame to miss one of the best parts of the Jewish Quarter which is the Old-New Synagogue, since it is the oldest synagogue in Europe and one of the first Gothic buildings in Prague (built around 1270). You will be without doubt impressed by the Holy Ark of the eastern wall, where the scrolls of the sacred Torah are kept and by the abbreviations in Biblical Hebrew that cover the walls.

Old or new? The name comes from the fact that when the synagogue was built (around 1260 AD) there was already one of these places of worship, so this had to be the new synagogue. Unfortunately, the old synagogue was destroyed, and as the years went by, it became the oldest synagogue.

How to get to the old Jewish synagogue: to to get there you have to get off at the stop subway "Staromestska"(Green line) or take the 17 trams, 18 to" Staromestska ". From there, you have to go to the Faculty of Law (Pravnicka faculta).

The Prague Castle

It was during the reconstruction of the castle in 1920 that a large archaeological site was discovered, which shows that the original size of the castle is the same as the area that the castle now occupies. Originally, the facilities include a castle palace, three churches and a monastery. Although the fortification has had to face fires, invasions and even world wars, it has somehow managed to survive and has become the living symbol and legend of Prague.

Prague - City Castle
Prague - City Castle @Mino Surkala / Shutterstock


A story over 1100 years speaks for itself. The history of Prague Castle is identified with the history of Prague and Christianity in the Czech Republic. In 870 dC, Prince Borivoj, one of the first Czech rulers of the royal dynasty of Premislidas, ordered the construction of the castle, originally made of wood and with a fortification wall on the ground.

The most important moments in the line of the history of Prague Castle is the reconstruction of the processes carried out by the Premislidas (Romanesque style) in the thirteenth century and in the following two centuries by Charles IV (Gothic) and King Vladislaus Jagiellon (Neo-Gothic) .

Not even the terrible fire in 1541 put an end to the history of the castle. On the contrary, the Renaissance style was taken to the Prague Castle by Emperor Rudolf II at late sixteenth century and the castle became a center for art and science and a gallery of exquisite collections.

In India there is second half of the 18 century Empress Maria Theresa made the castle buildings rebuilt in baroque style, showing in this way, its current appearance. From 1918 the Prague Castle has served as the official residence of the President of the Republic.

How to get to Prague Castle: take the 22 tram and get off at Prazsky Hrad.

The gold alley

Their habitants: for several decades many houses were destroyed, so after 1657 only 14 houses remain. El Callejón del Oro housed rich and poor alike, artists, employees, lackeys, etc. One of the famous inhabitants of this street was the famous writer Franz Kafka, who lived in the house nº22, who was killed by the Gestapo in the war because he predicted the end of Nazism.

Prague - Gold Alley
Prague - Gold Alley @ abxyz / Shutterstock

Do you want to see a street where the houses are so small that they fit the dwarfs more than the people? Do you want to know how is the smallest street that exists in Prague? Then you should not miss the Alley of Gold, in the Prague Castle complex. The street is full of small houses built in the Mannerist style at the end of the 16th century.

legends: The Callejón del Oro owes its name to the story of alchemists who lived on the street during the reign of Rudolph II, who tried not only to the philosopher's stone or the elixir of youth, but also to transform metals into gold. One of the local houses was inhabited by an old man, Doctor of Philosophy, who spent all his money on ancient books on magic.

He did experiments in his secret laboratory inside the house. In 1831 the people in the Callejón del Oro heard a big detonation in their house. When the firemen entered his house, they found him dead with a yellow stone in his hand. Later, the stone was shown to be gold. Still to this day it is not known how gold came into the house.

How to get to the alley of gold: is located in the northeast corner of Prague within the complex of Castle. It can be reached by tram nº22 and 23 from the station Metro Malostranska (stop Prazsky Hrad) or from the Malostranska metro station by the Old Royal Plaza.

The gunpowder tower

The first floor is adorned with statues of kings of the Bohemia: from Calle Celetná you can see Jorge de Podebrady and Vladislav II, and on the other side, from the Plaza de la República, to Premysl Otakar II and Charles IV. Shields and emblems of the regions they ruled were carved next to the kings.

Prague - Gunpowder Tower
Prague - Gunpowder Tower @ Brian Kinney / Shutterstock

The Powder Tower is a Gothic tower located in the Old Town of Prague and during the Middle Ages it was one of the gates of the city. In the 18th century it was used as a gunpowder deposit and from that time on it took its current name.

At the level of second floor there are statues of Christ and the Virgin Mary in the central part, flanked by bohemian saints. The decoration also includes sculptures of angels and allegories of the virtues. A kind of covered bridge connects the tower with the neighboring Municipal House.

The Powder Tower it was for centuries the starting point of the Camino Real, The Bohemian kings followed the coronation ceremony that, crossing the Old City, the Charles Bridge and Malá Strana, culminated in the Prague Castle.

Uploading the 186 steps of your spiral staircase you access the gallery, located at 44 meters high, from which there is good views of the city. The Torre de la Pólvora is used as an exhibition hall related to the history of the city in general and the tower in particular.

How to get to the gunpowder tower: to get to the tower, you have to get off on the "A" line of the Metro at the Starometska stop.

The church of Our Lady of Tyn

Prague - Church of Our Lady of Tyn
Prague - Church of Our Lady of Tyn @Sophy Ru / Shutterstock

The interesting thing about the twin towers is that if you look closer, they are not at all identical. One of them is actually a little more solid and is said to represent the strongest side of the family, man. What's more, the interior of the Church is one of the richest you can see in Prague. The main altarpiece is the work of Karl Škréta, the most famous painter of his time. The altarpiece represents the ascent to heaven of the Virgin Mary.

The church of Our Lady of Tyn, in Gothic style, is one of the most prominent symbols of Prague. As well as many other Prague monuments, this church has a long and hectic history. In the place we see the church with two Gothic-style towers that dominate the square and the old town of the entire historical center of Prague, three churches have passed, each destroyed by the evil of the times.

The Church of Our Lady of Tyn, is a monument that you can not go without seeing, especially at night, when its powerful towers seem to dominate the whole panorama of old Prague.

How to get to the Tyn church: to get to the church, you have to get off on the "A" line of the Metro at the Starometska stop, and follow the signs to the old square, where the church is located.

Wenceslao Square

Administrative offices of companies, luxury shops, hotels, casinos, luxury restaurants and nightclubs, exchange offices, food stalls and hundreds and hundreds of tourists and locals who spend every minute is what makes it one of the busiest places in Prague.

Prague - Wenceslas Square
Prague - Wenceslas Square @Pavol Kmeto / Shutterstock

The square is the perfect place to go shopping, meet friends or just spend time. It is in fact one of the favorite meeting places of the inhabitants of Prague and a great place to start touring the city.

Outdoor exhibitions, the tram cafe, the bronze equestrian statue of St. Wenceslas and the gold dome of the National Museum that dominates the horizon, make the square even more interesting.

A few meters below the big horse we can also find a small round flower bed with an engraving that reads "to the victims of communism. "

How to get to Wenceslas Square:
  • By subway, making use of the green line "A", and getting off at the Mustek or Muzeum stops (the square is between the two stops)
  • By tram, fucking the 3, 9, 14 or 24.

The old Jewish cemetery in Prague

Prague - Old Jewish cemetery
Prague - Old Jewish cemetery @Ana del Castillo / Shutterstock

The Jewish people in Prague were not allowed to bury their dead outside the ghetto, so they had to adapt and had to build the tombs on top of each other.

You might think it's a bit peculiar to invite someone to a place like a cemetery. Jews or not, we are human beings and the memory of remote times and the how you lived and died can not leave us indifferent. The cemetery dates from 1478 and is the oldest European "Jewish survivor".

Result impressive to see the tombs of 12 layers and imagine that in the area are buried more than 100.000 people in near 12.000 tombs.

The last person buried in the cemetery was Moisés Beck at 1787. The most striking tombs are those of Mordechai Maisel and Rabi Löw (his real name Jehuda ben Bezalel, the creator of the Golem). The cemetery has acted as such for 300 years (1478 to 1787).

The legend of the Golem

It tells the legend of the Golem that the magical powers of Rabbi Löw allowed him to combine the four elements (fire, water, air and earth) to revitalize a sculpture without life, made of clay. Why does he do this? Well, even though this was the time of Emperor Rudolf II, the Jews had to be protected from anti-Semitic attacks and the Golem (called Joseph) had the necessary faculties to carry out the task. To be an even better protector than your master gives you a special necklace. It was made of deer skin and decorated with mystical signs. With this ornament the Golem became invisible.

Did the Golem then succeed in carrying out the task entrusted to it? Yes, yes, but there is also a dark side in this legend. The being became stronger and stronger. In place of heroic and useful deeds, the Golem was increasingly uncontrollable and destructive.

One day people found him uprooting trees and destroying the rabbi's house when he was in the synagogue singing Psalm number ninety two. The rabbi hastened to take out the tablet and this was the end of Golem. Then the rabbi continued with the psalm and because of the interruption, in the Old and New Prague Synagogue is the only place in the whole world where this psalm is sung twice.

During the World War II, Hitler decided to erase not only the Jewish population, but also synagogues and cemeteries. He ordered, however, for the old cemetery, to remain intact, since he wanted to turn it into a museum after killing all the Jews in Europe.

How to get to the old Jewish cemetery: Hay quehue get off at the stop "Staromestska" (green line of the Metro) and follow the sign that says "hřbitov Starý židovský".

What activities can be done in Prague?

Tour the Vltava River on a cruise

There is a great variety of companies that offer small cruises on the Vltava River, where you can contemplate the city of Prague in a different way, including some of them dinners, lunches or even live music.

Prague - Cruise on the Vltava River
Prague - Cruise on the Vltava River @ Mmartin / Shutterstock

El Vltava river is the longest river in the Czech Republic with 430 kilometers. Its source is at the sources of Šumava and along its course joins the Elbe River.

These are them most popular river cruise options:

  • Cruises on the Prague River with lunch: has a duration of 2 hours, normally the cruise is 1: 00 PM to 3: 00 PM. The lunch served is buffet style.
  • Cruises on the Prague River with dinner: It lasts 3 hours, normally the cruise is from 7 PM to 10 PM. The dinner served is buffet style, with hot and cold dishes.
  • Cruise on the river in the Barco del Jazz: has a duration of 3 hours, normally the cruise is from 20: 30 to 23: 00. Cruise on the Vltava River with live Jazz music.

Go to the black theater

The black theater of Prague is a type of theatrical performance that takes place in a black scenario in the dark, with different special types of lighting that give rise to games of light and shadows. For this, they use large black curtains, a dark colored stage, flashlights and phosphorescent suits, in addition to colored lights and ambient music.

Black Theater Aspects Alice Prague
Black Theater Aspects Alice Prague

A detail that will especially delight travelers who do not speak other languages, is that Black theater plays are silent, collecting the background music a great protagonism. The Black Theater is the most popular show in Prague.

When choosing the work, Aspects of Alice is probably the best known work of the Black Theater of Prague. It narrates the passage from childhood to adolescence of Alice after leaving the Land of Wonders. It is represented in Ta Fantastika.

There five theaters where to see this type of representations:

  1. Ta Fantastika: located in Karlova 8, Stare Mesto, Prague 1. Near the Staromestska metro stop.
  2. Black Light Image Theater: located in Parizska 4, Stare Mesto, Prague 1. Near the Staromestska metro stop.
  3. Blanik Theater: located in Vaclavske namesti 56, Prague 1. Near the Muzeum metro stop.
  4. Metro Theater: located in Národní 25, Prague 1. Near the Národní metro stop.
  5. Animato Theater: located in Na Příkopě 10, Prague 1. Close to the Můstek metro stop.

May see all the programming of the presentations in: http://www.pragueexperience.com/theatre/theatre.asp

Attend a work in the opera

Sold to the State at 1938, the beginning of hostilities in Europe meant that few concerts were held during World War II, while the liberation in Prague saw the building renamed the 5 Theater of May.

Prague - Opera Building
Prague - Opera Building @Karel Tupy / Shutterstock

The Prague Opera House was originally built to be a German theater, having opened its doors for the first time in 1888. For almost 50 years he was showing presentations in German language, including productions by R. Strauss, Mahler, Seidl and Klemperer.

In the recent past (1992), formally became the state Opera House, adopting a wide repertoire that includes Verdi, Puccini, Mozart, Dukas and J. Strauss. Richly decorated in a neo-Rococo style that certainly makes it a great historical place.

Typically, works are represented almost daily on the 19: 00 hours, and you can buy tickets from four euros in the same opera.

How to get to the Prague Opera House: what easier to use the metro lines A and C, going down at the stop Museum.

Visit the Christmas markets

The markets they begin every year four Saturdays before December 24, which is Christmas Eve, and last until the beginning of January. They are open every day of the week and still they are always busy despite the cold and rain.

Prague - Christmas market
Prague - Christmas Market @Jiri Foltyn / Shutterstock

Christmas is a very special time in Prague and the Christmas markets go hand in hand with it. The Christmas markets of Prague, which have a long tradition, unite people to share the Christmas spirit, it is worth paying them a visit.

And because? It is about the special Christmas atmosphere that one finds there. The markets offer not only a great opportunity to buy some unique gifts, but also experience the traditions that still remain alive. They bring the true meaning of Christmas to life.

The most popular markets are in the old town square and the Wenceslas Square, where Christmas items are sold in 70 to 80 stands. The smallest ones are in Namesti Republiky, Trziste Havelske and Namesti Miru. All of them are easily accessible by metro.

Own Traditional markets consist of wooden chalets that cover the market places and are very well decorated. There you will find traditional Christmas decorations, Christmas items and handmade gifts, along with fresh food and drinks. As usual open from 9am to 7pm.

The markets They sell typical elements of Christmas, such as Bohemian crystal, wooden toys, scented candles, handmade jewelry, ceramic cups, hats, scarves, traditional puppets and Christmas tree ornaments.

However, markets should not be visited just for shopping. You can also see the traditional foods that are cooking, especially the cakes, and In the Old Town Square you can see sheep, goats and a donkey. There is a great representation of the Bethlehem, a wooden stable represents Mary, Joseph, the Child Jesus and the Magi.

Lo most impressive of all is the Christmas tree, brought from the mountains of Krkonose, in the north of the Czech Republic. Erected in the square of the old town, the tree is shrouded in a glow of lights, up to 100.000, which are activated every night around 17: 00. Located in a dark Gothic atmosphere, it is a spectacular vision.

Where can you eat at a good price in Prague?

Si vas a Prague you'll be glad to know that you can eat and drink for a very economical price. Of course, you have to know how to find those places, usually you should think about going to areas where there are not a lot of tourists and, on the contrary, they are preferred by locals. Although in reality, despite being in the center, you can find affordable prices. Definitely Prague has it all.

Czechs like soups and tend to be very carnivorous, they eat mainly pork and in a lesser proportion of veal, since it is more expensive, and chicken. If you are thinking about fish, this is not the best place, although you can get it, even if it is not so cheap.

We are going to recommend some good places to discover, for Eat cheap in Prague :

  • Kolkovna, here they serve traditional Czech cuisine and they have good beer and atmosphere. In josevof
  • Lehka Hlava / Clear Head, if you are vegan this is your place in Prague, the letter will not disappoint you. In Borsov 2 / 280,
  • Lal Qila, as always Indian food is an option, as it is tasty and usually cheap. Italska 30 | Prague 2
  • U Tri RuziCzech restaurant, although it seems more like a brewery there is also good food, especially soups and meats. In Husova 10,
  • Palanda, the menu has French and Czech dishes. The hamburger is especially recommended. In Zlatnicka 11
  • U Kroka, another place to taste the local food. With many vegetables and meats, among which the duck and the rabbit stand out. In Vratislavova 12
  • Restaurace Na Zlaté křižovatce, Czech food, here the goulash is very good. It is central although a little hidden. In Za Poricskou branou 382 / 16,
  • Bohemia Bagel Lazenska, Lazenska 19, is a chain of restaurants with several venues. The menu is designed for breakfast and lunch, but dinner is not available. At night they close. They have healthy food, vegetarian and sandwiches with everything, among other things. In Lazenska 19.
  • Essence, Czech and international food restaurant. A little far from the center but it can be a good option for a little siesta somewhere more special for a more reasonable price. In Stitneho 35 | Zizkov.
  • A, Czech and international food. Located in a basement, it is a place that has it all. You find coffee, beer and good plates of food to accompany. In Smetanovo nabrezi 14.

Shopping in Prague

Let's make clear that Prague will never be up to par with London o NY at the time of shopping despite the fact that the center of Prague is full of new shopping centers and stores of large international chains. But there are still some local shops that are worth searching for performpurchases.

La Most stores are located in the center of Prague, on the Wenceslas Square, and on the streets Národní třída, Vinohradská and Pařížská in the vicinity of the Old Town Square. Keep in mind that there are several large markets where you can buy virtually everything and much cheaper.

The stores usually open around of the 9: 00 hours and close to the 18: 00 hours. The shops for tourists also open during weekends.

The Czech Republic is worldwide known worldwide for its production of glass and porcelain. You can make gifts of this kind very nice at reasonable prices. Other suggestions to buy are: pieces of Czech craft, ceramics and antiques. Prague has dozens of antique book stores that can store exceptional copies. Many of the second-hand stores have very good offers of brooches, mirrors, etc ...

Here some tips:

  • Glassware, wooden toys and jewelry are often popular choices.
  • Puppets and puppets made of wood or plaster are handmade and can be a good option for a good memory (the puppets are made in the 18th century).
  • If you prefer drinks, try the Becherovka, an herbal liqueur known for having medicinal properties (it is good for digestion). Plum brandy (slivovice) is also available, as is brandy distilled from other fruits.

Even if you are not thinking of buying Bohemian glass, we recommend that you visit the Moser store(located in Na Prikope 12, New Town), which has sold glassware for more than a century.

What to visit around Prague

Cesky Krumlov

Located at 170 kilometers from Prague, is one of the few towns that still retains its own medieval character. Cesky Krumlov It is located in the charming landscape of South Bohemia, in a bend of the Vltava river. The city It is known as the pearl of Bohemia. Its historic center was included in 1992 on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Czech Republic - Prague Surroundings - Cesky Krumlov
Czech Republic - Surroundings of Prague - Cesky Krumlov @Wise Lee / Shutterstock

The city is dominated by two buildings of great cultural value: the castle and the Gothic church of San Vito. The castle is half medieval fortress, half castle and is superbly located on a cliff from which the whole city is dominated, being the second largest in the Czech Republic (after Prague Castle).

The castle houses a rich collection of period furniture, flamenco tapestries, historical weapons and a gallery of paintings. You have to see the interior of this splendid castle, as well as the old town with its romantic streets and medieval houses.

The houses of the Latrán, the area surrounding the castle, were originally occupied by court officials and scribes. The buildings in this area include a 14th century monastery and the Eggenberg brewery, that still makes its deliveries to horse and in cart.

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Prague: discover the most magical historic town in Europe
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