Rome is known as the "Eternal City" because in it time seems to have stopped centuries ago. Their monuments and the remains of imposing buildingsThey make a walk through its streets a journey through time until the time of maximum splendor of the capital.
With a long and interesting history behind it, Rome is a city that attracts visitors from all over the world thanks to its impressive monuments and archaeological remains from antiquity. There are countless reasons to visit Rome, fall in love with the city and wish to return to it. The gastronomy and its lively atmosphere are some of them.
Walking around Rome is not just touring an ancient city full of archaeological remains; Rome is the memory of Gladiators fighting to life or death in the Colosseum, chariots undertaking fast races in the Circus Maximus, and also the vision of Roman sages strolling through the forum while chatting about democracy.
With more than 16 million annual tourists, Rome is the third European city that attracts more visitors, behind of London y Paris, with which he maintains an intense fight for the post of the most romantic city in Europe.
Every year more than two million Spaniards travel to Italy and they choose Rome as their favorite city. Since low-cost airlines began offering cheap flights to the Italian capital, this number has not stopped growing.
Choosing the location of the place where we are going to stay when we visit a city that we do not know, always creates some uncertainty. For this reason, we have selected for you the best areas to stay in Rome, taking into account criteria as important as the ease of access, the price, or the leisure alternatives that are around.
The historic center
The historic center of Rome covers a wide area and could be divided into several areas. The whole area that more or less covers the surroundings of the Pantheon, the Navona Square and the Trevi Fountain is what we could qualify as the center of the center. This is one of the most sought after areas, if not the most, for stay in Rome.
Some of the areas with more possibilities are the surroundings of the Piazza Spagna. If you have the opportunity to stay in the historic center, don't think twice, as it is the area where most of the city's tourist attractions are concentrated.
Area center is easily walked, which is the most recommended option, since the city center is full of churches, monuments, squares, fountains ... so walking is the best way to enjoy the beauty of this city.
In the center Hotels are usually quite expensive, so if you do not want to ruin you, we recommend neighborhoods like Monti or Trastevere.
Trastevere is undoubtedly one of the favorite neighborhoods of this city. Is a Bohemian neighborhood full of street vendors, very original shops, good restaurants, cafes, little bars, and that has a lot of nightlife. This neighborhood has become very fashionable, and that is obvious to the amount of people who approach him after sunset.
In Rome, B & Bs (Bed and Breakfast) are very popular and the picturesque neighborhood of Trastevere houses many of them. This concept emerged in England many years ago and was the main competition to hotels. Normally they are owners who, by not using most of the space in the house, enable several rooms and offer breakfast to their clients.
The only disadvantage of this neighborhood is that it is not as well connected as the rest of the neighborhoods, but it is the tram and the bus arrive. In addition, Rome is best to see her walking. As an alternative option to the center, it is best to stay a few days in Monti and the rest in Trastevere, there is nothing better than staying in these neighborhoods to enjoy the Roman atmosphere.
Termini is the main train station in the city. Its surroundings is the area where it is concentrated the largest number of cheap hotels in Rome. The immediate area at the exit of the station is quite neglected and dirty, there is much destitute and the odd group of young people, and not so young, with their paint.
Staying in Termini has two basic advantages: you can sleep cheap in the center and that you have most of the monuments within two steps. If you do not walk a lot, you have the main station next to it that will connect you with any point in the city. Definitely, One of the smartest areas to stay in Rome.
Anyway, it is still quite remote and it will be difficult to do everything on foot from the hotel if you are staying there, hence the convenience of be near the subway. The neighborhood itself does not interest tourists, But sleep there cheap, it is perfect!
The Vatican area is also an interesting alternative to sleep in Rome. It is a very quiet area, without the window of the historic center, which has the advantage of being a stone's throw from one of the biggest attractions of the city and to which you will undoubtedly dedicate a day. It is well connected by metro and there is a good offer of hotels of different categories.
The main advantage of the Vatican area is that most of its accommodations are very modern, almost new. In addition there are many aparthotels very well priced. Perhaps, the main reason for its low price compared to other areas is because It falls a little away from the center (about 50 minutes walk). Of course, get up and appreciate the Basilica of San Pedro every day is priceless.
The Vatican area is ideal to stay in Rome if you want to avoid long lines when visiting the main tourist spots in the Vatican, if you are looking for one calm and residential atmosphereaway from the hubbub of the center of Rome and if you are a lover of the arts, that since you will have all the time to visit the 11 museums of the Vatican.
Monti is a neighborhood that lies between the Colosseum and Termini station. It is a site Very convenient to stay in Rome. It is close to everything, you can walk to both Termini and the Colosseum, and it has a lot of life. Restaurants, cafes and bars abound. In addition to hotels there is a good offer of tourist apartments.
El Monti neighborhood Rome is the neighborhood of art galleries and wineries. After a long stage of urban development, today it is a meeting point for all young tourists traveling through the capital.
It's a neighborhood with a great atmosphere, full of decoration shops, vintage shops, cafes and restaurants with very good vibes, it is undoubtedly one of the neighborhoods to enjoy in Rome. In the Santa Maria di Monti Square Romans meet in the afternoon for a drink and dinner. For watch accommodation guide you through the streets Serpentei, Boschetto and the Plaza de Santa María di Monti.
Rome has 2 airports: Ciampino, which is the most old and small of the two what's in Rome and it's located at 15 km the center of Rome and FiumicinoPlus known as Leonardo da Vinci airport, is the most important in Italy given the amount of tourist traffic that moves annually. It is located about 30 km from the center of Rome and consists of five terminals.
Our recommendation is that use a good flight comparator to locate the flight that best suits your needs.
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How to get from the airports of Rome
From the Ciampino airport
Blue bus line COTRAL: It is the cheapest formula, they take you to the Anagnina metro stop on line “A” (orange). If you need to know the exact times, you can check them on the COTRAL website: http://www.cotralspa.it/
Airport Shuttle Bus: similar to the previous one although a little more expensive, os They take you to Termini. From there, you can move to any point in the city. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the web: https://www.sitbusshuttle.com/
From the Fiumicino airport
Express train: It is the most comfortable option, but also the most expensive. Leonardo Express trains connect the airport with the Termini station without stopping. From Termini, you can move to any place in the city.
Normal line train FR1: It connects with the metro line, it is almost as fast as the express and it is quite cheaper. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the Trenitalia website: http://www.ferroviedellostato.it/
Blue bus line COTRAL: It is the cheapest formula, it has three lines that will take you to three different destinations, all of them with connections to the metro lines. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the COTRAL website: http://www.cotralspa.it/
SIT direct white bus: It is the best alternative to the train since it makes a direct trip from the airport to Cavour square (next to the castle of San Angelo) and Termini station. If you need to know the exact times, you can check them on the SIT website: http://www.sitbusshuttle.it/
Reach the city of Rome by train
If you are going to get to Rome by train, you have to know that the central point from which moving everywhere in Rome is the Termini station. This is the station where most trains usually arrive. From here you can take the bus, metro or train to most of the destinations you need to travel to. The station is located in the Cinquecento square.
It is located half downtown, although it is not fully involved in the historic center of Rome. To give you an idea, in half an hour walk you can reach almost anyone of the main monuments of the city. It is not an area with much tourist attraction, which makes it a area full of restaurants, shops and accommodation at competitive prices. Perhaps the worst thing about this area is that it is quite dirty and neglected.
Another option to get to Rome is through the ship, docking at the Civitavecchia port, located 72 kilometers from the city. This distance is one of the biggest problems that you will have to face after arriving by boat to Italy. Some of the main ones companies with which you can look for a ferry with which to approach you to Italy are the following:
En train: It takes 50 minutes and leaves you at the Termini station. To get to the station where you can catch the train, there is a free port bus that approaches you every half hour. The station is 500 meters away, in case anyone wants to walk.
En COTRAL company bus: In the Vittorio Emmanuele square you can take an intercity bus (they are blue) that leaves you in the center of Rome.
In the “C” city bus: In the Vittorio Emmanuele square you can take this bus that will leave you at the FC station. From there you can take a train to the Termini station.
If Rome is characterized by something, it is a city that is very easy to reach, but also get around it by public transport, since it has all the means you may need to travel from one end of the city to the other, but also to the airport and other nearby locations, as well as other points in Italy, if that is your idea.
Getting around by metro in Rome is quite simple, given that there are only two subway lines, A (orange) and B (blue). most of monuments have a subway stop quite close of them, at the same time from a stop to a monument you can find that there are 10 minutes walking.
The subway it works every day of the year from 05: 30 up to 23.30, expanding your schedule on Friday and Saturday until 01:30. Beware of the subway stations at robberies of pickpockets! He main connection point of the two lines Metro takes place at the Termini station, keep this in mind when having to change trains. Yes you arrive in Rome by train (Fr1), the Piramide stop also offers connection to the metro line B (blue).
Remember that with the Roma Pass card, you can perform all the trips you want during three days.
The best what you can see and do during your stay in Rome
The Colosseum, the Trevi Fountain, the Sistine Chapel, the Catacombs ... Make the most of your trip to the Italian capital by visiting the essential places of Rome.
The Roman Coliseum
The Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is considered today as one of the seven Wonders of the World. It was commissioned in the year 72 ac by Emperor Vespasian and finished at 80 by his son, Tito Subsequently, Domiciano made a series of improvements.
It is located just east of the Roman Forum, and with its arc of 80 entries, allowed entry to 55.000 spectators, who sat according to their rank. To get an idea of their greatness, keep in mind that its elliptical shape measures 188 m long by 156 wide.
Almost for 500 years, it was the center of Roman games. The last games of history were in the sixth century.
It is the largest and most famous baroque fountain in Rome. Inspired by Roman triumphal arcs, it has 26 meters long by 20 meters wide, almost nothing. The Fontana, as we know it today, was designed by Incola Salvi in 1732 and finished in 1762.
In the center of the fountain you can see the figure of Neptune, god of the seas, flanked by two newts. One of them He struggles to master a sea horse, while the other It leads a much more docile animal. Initially, the source marked the end of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct, built on the 19 ac
The Roman forum
The forum was the center of political, economic, judicial life and commercial of ancient Rome, and in it were carried out from business operations, business, administration of justice, religious acts and others common actions in the life of the Roman inhabitants.
After its period of glory, the Forum was attacked without rest for centuries for the barbarians, after what which was progressively dismantled by any person (from popes to homeless people) who needed Construction materials. There is much missing, but if it is taken into account that for hundreds of years it has been used as if it were a quarry, what is incredible is that I survived.
The tour of the Forum starts at the most entrance near the Colosseum.
The pantheon of Agrippa
The Pantheon is one of the greatest spiritual buildings of the world. It was initially built as a temple Roman according to the wishes of Marco Agrippa, son of César Augusto, in the 27 a. C. and later consecrated as Catholic Church.
The monument can be found right opposite from the Piazza della Rotonda. Through large doors of bronze, access to a large circular interior room. The inner volume is a cylinder above which raise a hemispherical dome. Natural light enters through a oculus in the center of the dome and through the bronze doors of the porch. As the sun moves, beams of light illuminate granite walls and floor and marble yellow.
The castle of Sant'Angelo
In front of the bridge of Sant 'Angelo is the Castle of Sant'Angelo, a huge circular structure started by Adriano as a mausoleum for him and his family. At the beginning of the Middle Ages the tomb was surrounded by walls and It became the citadel of Rome. In its general plan, the castle follows the form of Hadrian's mausoleum, given that The exact design is unknown.
The name of the castle comes from the legend of San Gregory the Great, who had a vision of an angel who appears in the fortress, and announces the end of the plague. In 1500 Rafaello di Montelupo created a statue of the angel that originally he was in the watchtower and now he's on display at the Cortile d'Onore (court of honor).
The best squares in the city of Rome
Known for their lively atmosphere or for their spectacular fountains, the squares of Rome are the center of the daily life of the inhabitants of the city. Here we present the most important and known.
It is probably the square that best represents the great baroque era in Rome. It was built in exactly the same place where the Domitian stadium was located, built in 86 BC for the games (Roman ruins are still visible in the crypt of the church of Sant Agnese in Agone).
The Piazza Navona today is a pedestrian area, has two Baroque fountains (Fountain of the Moor and Fountain of Neptune) and a third central baroque (Fountain of the Four Rivers) designed by Bernini. In front of the Navona square fountain, we can find the Church of Sant Agnese in Agone, whose facade (made by Borromini) is one of the most famous baroque works in Rome.
The church of Sant Agnese in Agone stands in the place where, according to traditionAt twelve years of age, Agnese was martyred during the violent persecution of Diocletian at the end of the third century.
The shape and scenic character of Piazza Navona is due to the will of the Pamphili family that had the greatest architects of their time to make it magnificent. The square was scenario of various games, one of the funniest was the so-called "lake", a game that took place in the square during the summer. The square was flooded and people could enjoy its freshness. Custom it was suppressed at the end of the 19th century for reasons of hygiene.
The Piazza Navona is a place full of life with lots of elegant restaurants and ice cream parlors, and with the entertainment offered by small artists who are dedicated to music or painting.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop of the orange line (A).
The square is considered as a masterpiece of the eighteenth century. Originally built, since it looks like a butterfly, it extends at the foot of the Pincio Hill, and in its top we can find the Church of France Trinita dei Monti (1502). The square and the church are connected by the monumental Spanish staircase, built between 1723 and 1726 with 138 steps. Once a year during the summer, the square is host of a famous fashion show, and its stairway is used as a walkway.
In the square is the Fountain of the Barcaccia, built in 1598 by order of Pope Urban VIII, to commemorate the disastrous flood caused by the Tiber River the same year. The Fontana della Barcaccia has boat shape (hence his name) and has the Bernini family emblems engraved: suns and bees.
The most glamorous streets of Rome lead to Piazza di Spagna (via Condotti and via del Babuino). The area around the Piazza di Spagna is where you can find the most prestigious storesRome s such as Prada, Valentino, Gucci, etc ... It is an ideal starting point for shopping in Rome.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Spagna stop on the orange line (A).
The Campidoglio square is located in the top of Capitol Hill, in Rome, where Roman divinities were once praised and today is the seat of the Italian Government.
The current structure dates from 1560, as a result of Michelangelo's project inspired by pre-existing buildings. The access to the square is made through a majestic staircase where we will find 3 main buildings:
El Senate palace (whose structure was completed by Giacomo Dalla Porta and Rinaldi Girolamo between 1582 and 1605) and is the seat of the municipality of the city.
El Palace of the Conservatives (on the right side of the square), built by Guidetto Guidetti and Giacomo Dalla Porta in 1568, following original drawings by Michelangelo, nowadays host the Capitoline Gallery (Museum of Art of the Capitol).
El Nuovo palace (on the left side of the square), built by the Rinaldi brothers in 1655 again following the original drawings of Michelangelo, where the Capitoline Museum is located (museum with works of Greek and Roman art).
In the Campidoglio square you can also You can find the famous statue of the Wolf with the twins (Romulus and Remus).
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Coliseo stop on the blue line (B) and walking for about 10 minutes.
Arriving at end of the Via Venetto You will be able to meet the Piazza Barberini, where is the wonderful Fontana del Tritone. Created by Bernini in 1642, it is composed of a muscular newt with four dolphins around that touches a seashell.
For those of you who have read Angels and Demons of Dan Brown, it will not be unknown to you, since it places part of the plot of its history here. What many probably don't know is that the fountain was built in order to provide water from the aqueduct of Acque Felice.
On the corner with Via Venetto is the other great unknown of this square, the Fontana delle Api With its huge shell. In the square you will also find the Barberini Palace, in whose interior it is possible to appreciate numerous artistic works of the Gallery of Ancient Art. Inside you will find masterpieces of art on the table:
La Fornarinaof Rafael: portrait of Margherita Luti, Rafael's lover, with the naked bust.
Judit and Holofernes, from Caravaggio: the episode presents the biblical heroine, cutting the head of General Holofernes with surprising serenity.
Portrait of Beatrice Cenci, by Guido Reni: she is very famous for sentimental reasons, because the young aristocrat, whose history has always moved the Romans, appears portrayed on the eve of her execution.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop of the orange line (A).
The Plaza de San Pedro, one of the largest in the world, and its impressive obelisk located in the center of it, open the way to the largest existing basilica in the Christian world today: St. Peter's Basilica. It also represents the core of the Vatican City, the smallest state in the world.
Originally, the plaza was the place where they were located the circus of Nero and the gardens, and where many Christians were martyred (including St. Peter). In the center of the square stands an impressive Egyptian obelisk brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula in 37 BC
The spectacular elliptical colonnade that surrounds the square was built by Bernini, and is composed of 284 columns and 88 pillars arranged in four rows. It symbolizes, according to the artist, the “Christianity meeting" Located above the columns, there are 140 statues of saints made by Bernini's disciples.
As a curiosity, near the obelisk there is a marked spot on the ground by a stone from which if you look towards the colonnade you will see a single row of columns, creating a very special optical illusion.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Ottaviano stop of the orange line (A).
The Plaza Colonna is a square located in the political nerve center from Rome. In fact, in the north of the square is the Chigi palace (dates from the 16th century), which has been the official residence of the prime minister from Italy since 1961. South of the square, in the square of Pietra, you will find what is left of the Temple of Hadrian (2nd century).
On the easternmost side of the square is the Colonna Gallery. This large building was built in 1922 and has an interior passage full of shops. On the south side you will find the Ferraioli palace, created in 1627.
Square gets its name from the marble column of Marco Aurelio located in the center of it since 193, built in honor of the military victories of Marco Aurelio. Crowning the column there is a bronze statue representing Saint Paul and that it was placed there in 1589 by order of Pope Sixtus V. The reliefs represent live scenes of the battles against the Germanic tribes and the Sarmatians.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop of the orange line (A) and continue on the Via del Tritone.
Piazza del Popolo (town square) is a pedestrian plaza closed to oval-shaped traffic located right on the entrance of the walls of Rome where executions were carried out during the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries. It is located in what is called the "trident", that is, where three of the most important streets converge, Via Corso, Via del Babuino and Vía di Ripetta.
The first thing that will get your attention when you get to this place is the central obelisk (Ominisk flaminio) which is accompanied by 4 sources in the form of Lion and dedicated to Ramses II. It is in this square where you will find the churches of Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria in Montesanto. At first glance they seem generous, but they are not. Just look at its domes and realize that the church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli has a circular dome and the church of Santa Maria in Montesanto has an oval dome.
North of the square, you will find the church of Santa María del Popolo as well as the Port of the Popolo (door of the town), old Flaminia Gate, which is the gateway to the wall of Rome and has a welcome message to its visitors that says "For a happy and auspicious entrance." In this area you will also see the Pincio Gardens, where you will find beautiful neoclassical statues.
Other places in Rome
There are many other squares in Rome that, without being so monumental, also have a special charm, such as Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere, in the center of the lively Trastevere neighborhood.
Other places not so well known but of equal beauty:
The Vatican museums in Rome harbor the largest number of works of art of the catholic church collected by the Renaissance popes such as Julius II, Innocent VIII and Sixtus IV. Most of the contribution was made in the XNUMXth century. The Vatican Museum is also home to the Sistine Chapel, the Raphael Rooms and the Etruscan Museum.
The Sistine Chapel is the largest chapel in the Vatican Palace and was covered with frescoes by some of the best artists of the 12th and 1534th centuries. The 1541 paintings on the side walls, by artists such as Perugino, Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Signorelli, show analogous episodes from the life of Christ and Moses. The decoration of the Sistine Chapel, the treasure of the Vatican Museums, was completed between XNUMX and XNUMX by Michelangelo, who added the fresco to the main altar, the Last Judgment.
Our Stays of Rafael (apartments of Pope Julius II) were built in the early 1508th century and are part of the Vatican museums. Julio II was so impressed with Rafael's work that he chose to decorate the four rooms. Rafael and his disciples began the task in XNUMX, replacing the existing works by several better known artists, such as Perugino.
You have to keep in mind that the Vatican museums is one of the places that you receive most visits throughout the year, so queues to enter are quite important. And let's not say anything on the last Sunday of each month, when admission is free.
You can get to the Vatican museums by metro, getting off at the Cipro-Musei Vaticani stop on the orange line (A).
The Capitoline Museums They consist of two palaces, Palazzo Nuovo and Palazzo dei Conservatori, remember this since the entrance is combined and it is good for the two museums.
El New Palace It is the smallest building of the Capitoline Museums and was opened to the public in 1734 by Pope Clement XII. This palace contains mostly selections of Greek and Roman sculptures like the Discóbolo. In the Hall of the Philosophers you will find portraits of Greek political, scientific and poets busts.
El Palace of the Conservatives It was the seat of the magistrates of the city during the Middle Ages. Its rooms covered with colorful frescoes are still occasionally used for political meetings. Here you will find sculpture masterpieces Constantine, Bernini's Medusa and fabulous paintings by Veronese, Tintoretto, Caravaggio and Van Dyck. Outside the palace, you will find the "Loba" with Romulus and Remus.
You can get to the capitoline museums by metro, getting off at the Colosseo stop on the blue line (B) and walking to Plaça del Campidoglio.
St. Peter's Basilica
La largest basilica in the Christian world, this is the perfect definition to apply to impressive building that is located in full heart of the Vatican City, and preceded by the Plaza de San Pedro.
With its 186 meters long (218 if we also consider the porch) and a Height of 46 meters of the central nave, has a surface of 22.000 square meters that can house 22.000 faithful. The basilica is built on the tomb of Saint Peter and it was completed in 1626 after 120 years of construction, working on it so consecrated artists as Bramante, Michelangelo or Carlo Maderno.
Inside the basilica, the Dress control is a little rigorous: long pants, knee-length skirts and covered shoulders. Inside we will find a lots of works of artstored between the 45 altars and the 11 chapels inside.
You will find 10.000 square meters of mosaics, the Piety by Michelangelo, the Baldachin of Bernini, the statue of Saint Peter, the papal canopy, the monument to Urban VIII, the monument to Cristina of Sweden (by Carlo Fontana), etc ...
One of the better views that you will be able to obtain in Rome is from the dome of the basilica of St. Peter, keep in mind that it reaches a Height of 136 meters. You can upload walking (551 steps) or in elevator to the beginning of the dome (Then you have left 320 steps still. The elevator is for 10 people, so you can imagine the queues that can be formed, you are advised.
You can get to St. Peter's Basilica by subway getting off at the Otataviano stop on the orange line (A).
San Giovanni in Laterano
The Basilica of St. John Lateran (in Italian, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano) it's really thecathedral of Rome since the Pope is also the bishop of Rome, as well as his official ecclesiastical headquarters. It is located in the square that bears his name (San Giovanni Square) and is the oldest church in the world since it was built under the pontificate of Melchiade (311 to 314) and its structure resembles quite the current Basilica of Saint Peter.
Damaged and rebuilt many times Over the centuries, its current appearance is from a design by Borromini (1646-1649). The 15 statues of Christ and the saints located above the main entrance, symbolize the strength and power of the church. As we approach it, we see how a series of five doors span the porch that gives us access to the interior.
El Interior of the basilica consists of five naves of cruise. In the first pillar, on the right side of the central nave, there is a fresco attributed to Giotto that represents Saint Boniface VIII, announcing the first Jubilee. In the Massimo chapel there is a reproduction of the Black Virgin of Czestochowa, installed in 1978 to celebrate the election of John Paul II. Don't miss the tomb of Ricardo degli Anniballi, designed by Arnolfo di Cambio and varnished by Borromini. In the last chapel is the entrance to the cloister of the thirteenth century, by Vassaletto and son.
In a corner of Piazza San Giovanni stands the Santa Staircase. It is said that these stairs were originally in the palace of Pilate. The faithful usually climb this ladder on their knees, just as Christ had done, to receive his sentence. At the top of the stairs you will find the sancta sanctorum, or Pope's chapel, which contains relics of saints in Jerusalem.
You can get to the basilica of St. John Lateran by metro getting off at the San Giovanni stop of the orange line (A).
Other churches in Rome
Rome has dozens of churches that are worth visiting and it is impossible to name each and every one of them, so we leave you with some that are well worth a visit.
Santa Maria Maggiore
The basilica of Santa María la Mayor (Santa Maria Maggiore) is one of the four patriarchal basilicas of Rome. Its construction was ordered by Pope Liberio who, they say, on August 5, 356 saw the Virgin Mary in his dreams. She indicated to him the place where he should build the church through a snowfall on the Esquilino hill (this is the reason why the church also it is known by its middle name: from Santa María “ad Nives”, from Las Nieves).
Santa Maria in Trastevere
Located in the Trastevere neighborhood, in the square that bears his name (Piazza Santa María in Trastevere), and totally surrounded by cafes, ice cream parlors and restaurants, you will find the Church of Santa María in Trastevere, famous for its Byzantine mosaics and their medieval style. It is the first church in Rome to be dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and the oldest basilica in the city. According to tradition, the church was a personal order of Pope Calixto I in the third century, when Christianity was not yet widespread. It was here where (and always according to legend) the first catholic mass was celebrated de la ciudad.
Santa Maria della Scala
Another magnificent churches that you can find taking a walk through the charming Trastevere neighborhood. It's found located between the Settimiana gate and the Plaza de Santa María and it was built at the end of 1500 to keep and venerate a sacred image of the Virgin, placed under a small exterior staircase of a house next door where they had apparently happened several miracles.
Visiting the surroundings of Rome
On August 24, 79 AD changed the life of Pompeians forever. 20.000 people They suffered the onslaught of the mountain that one day decided to become a volcano. Today, Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions from Italy. Although much of the city was destroyed by the volcano, it also it was preserved thanks to being buried under more than 60 meters of ash and pumice, until it was discovered in the mid-1700s.
At the time of making the visit, the best is enter through the main entrance of Porta Marina. Notice the two openings in the door: the largest was for cars, while pedestrians used the smaller opening. Do not miss the forum. The commercial, religious and political center The city is located at the intersection of the two main streets of the city. In a patio next to the forum you will find molds in glass boxes of volcano victims which were performed by archaeologists in the late 1800s.
At the Home of the Tragic Poet, there is the famous “Beware of the dog” sign at the entrance. If you need something similar, don't worry, tile replicas are sold in souvenir shops. The price of the Entrance to the city includes a map and a pocket guide, a short guide to Pompeii. This book is excellent and will take you, number by issue, through the great sites of Pompeii not to be missed.
The island of Capri
This island, located to the south of Italy, offers a privileged landscape and paradisiacal to everyone who visits it. You can walk the island's paths on long walks, walking along the Via Vittorio Emanuelle, famous for its exclusive stores, and the glamorous Via Camelle and Via Croce. We will not set aside the picturesque alleys, villages of white residences of medieval style, which offer us views of the beautiful fine sand beaches, bathed in the unmistakable blue of the Mediterranean Sea.
In Capri you will find one of the most rugged geography in Italy, and proof of this is the Azzurra cave, with more than 50 m deep, 15m wide and 30m high, which can be accessed by boat from Marina Grande. The cave Azzurra It has become one of the main attractions of the place, since the light that penetrates from the entrance draws bright tones on the walls of the cave, reflecting in the water, thus creating a almost magical atmosphere.
Between the points that are worth seeing The Church of Santo Stefano, Villa San Michele or Villa Jovis stand out from where you can get magnificent views of the island. For get to the island, the easiest is through the airport of Nápoles, using the ferry (from the ports of the Gulf of Naples or the Sorrentine Peninsula) and disembarking at the main port of Marina Grande.
A 30 kilometers west of Rome, you will find one of the most flourishing Roman cities thanks to its location as a commercial and port center. Because it was abandoned at the time, the conservation status is quite good.
You will find the remains of most of the buildings that made up the city before she was buried by the sand. The main road (Decumanus Maximus) runs through the city while the remains of the businesses that once existed appear on both sides.
There will be no lack of taverns, shops, stores, and even a great restored theater in which representations continue during the summer months. You will also find the remains of 18 temples dedicated to the Persian god Mitraa synagogue Jewish and a basilica Christian.
Just 30km northeast of Rome, in Tivoli, you will be able to visit the Villa de Adriano, better known as Villa Adriana, where you can see theor what remains of the residence of the emperor Hadrian. What you will find there are its ruins: more than 30 buildings and a villa organized around an Alexandrian garden, with palaces, fountains, hot springs, temples, ceremonial halls, and theaters, among other sumptuosities.
Upon arrival, you can explore it and observe the excavated areas, tunnels, galleries and underground facilities used by the easement. More than a retirement residence, it was a city in itself, inhabited at some time by more than five thousand people.
Between its most outstanding buildings there is the pool and artificial cave known as Canopus and Serapeum, or the Maritime Theater.