Rome is known as the "Eternal City" because in it time seems to have stopped centuries ago. Their monuments and the remains of imposing buildingsthey make a walk through its streets to become a journey through time until the time of maximum splendor of the capital.
With a long and interesting history behind it, Rome is a city that attracts visitors from all over the world thanks to its impressive monuments and archaeological remains from antiquity. There are countless reasons to visit Rome, fall in love with the city and wish to return to it. The gastronomy and its lively atmosphere are some of them.
To walk through Rome is not just to visit an ancient city full of archaeological remains; Rome is the memory of the Gladiators fighting to life or death in the Colosseum, The cuadrigas undertaking fast races in the Circus Maximus, and also the vision of Roman sages walking around the forum while talking about democracy.
With more than 16 million annual tourists, Rome is the third European city that attracts the most visitors, behind of London and Paris, with which he maintains an intense struggle for the position of the most romantic city in Europe.
Each year more than two million Spaniards travel to Italy and they choose Rome as their favorite city. Since the low cost companies began to offer cheap flights to the Italian capital, this figure has not stopped growing.
Choosing the location of the place where we are going to stay when we visit a city that we do not know, always creates some uncertainty. For this reason, we have selected for you the best areas to stay in Rome, taking into account criteria as important as the ease of access, the price, or the leisure alternatives that are around.
The historic center
The historic center of Rome covers a large area and could be divided into several areas. The whole area that more or less covers the surroundings of the Pantheon, Piazza Navona and Fontana di Trevi is what we could call the center of the center. This is one of the most sought after areas, if not the most, for stay in Rome.
Some of the areas with more possibilities are the surroundings of the Piazza Spagna. If you have the opportunity to stay in the historic center, do not think twice, since it is the area where most of the tourist attractions of the city are concentrated.
Area center is easily covered on foot, which is the most recommended option, since the center of the city is full of churches, monuments, squares, fountains ... so walking is the best way to enjoy the beauty of this city.
In the center Hotels are usually quite expensive, so if you do not want to ruin you, we recommend neighborhoods like Monti or Trastevere.
Trastevere is undoubtedly one of the favorite neighborhoods of this city. Is a Bohemian neighborhood full street vendors, very original shops, good restaurants, cafes, nightclubs, and has a lot of nightlife. This neighborhood has become very fashionable, and that is obvious with the number of people who come to him from dusk.
In Rome, the B & B (Bed and Breakfast) is very popular and the picturesque neighborhood of Trastevere It hosts many of them. This concept emerged in England many years ago and was the main competition for hotels. They are usually owners who, by not using most of the space in the house, enable several rooms and offer breakfast to their customers.
The only disadvantage of this neighborhood is that it is not as well connected as the rest of the neighborhoods, but if the tram and the bus arrive. In addition, Rome the best thing is to see it walking. As an alternative to the center, it is best to stay a few days in Monti and the rest in Trastevere, there is nothing better to stay in these neighborhoods to enjoy the Roman atmosphere.
Termini is the main railway station of the city. Its surroundings is the area where it is concentrated the largest number of budget hotels in Rome. The immediate area at the exit of the station is quite neglected and dirty, there is much destitute and some other group of young people, and not so young, with their paint.
Staying at Termini has two basic advantages: you can sleep cheap in the center and that you have most monuments in two steps. If you are not walking a lot, you have the main station next door that will connect you to any point in the city. Definitely, one of the smartest areas to stay in Rome.
Anyway, it is still quite remote and it will be difficult to do everything on foot from the hotel if you are staying there, hence the convenience of be near the subway. The neighborhood itself does not interest tourists, But sleep there cheap, it is perfect!
The Vatican area is also an interesting alternative to sleep in Rome. It is a very quiet area, without the window of the historic center, which has the advantage of being within a stone's throw of one of the biggest attractions of the city and to which you will undoubtedly dedicate a day. It is well connected with metro and there is a good offer of hotels of different categories.
The main advantage of the Vatican area is that most of its accommodations are very modern, almost new. In addition there are many aparthotels very well priced. Perhaps, the main reason for its low price compared to other areas is because It falls a little away from the center (about 50 minutes walk). Of course, get up and appreciate every day the Basilica of San Pedro is priceless.
The Vatican area is ideal to stay in Rome If you want to avoid the long lines in the visits of the main touristic points of the Vatican, if you are looking for a calm and residential atmosphereaway from the hubbub of the center of Rome and if you are a lover of the arts, that since you'll have all the time to visit the 11 museums of the Vatican.
Monti is a neighborhood that lies between the Colosseum and the Termini station. It is a site Very convenient to stay in Rome. It is close to everything, you can walk as far to Termini as to the Coliseum, and it has a lot of life. Restaurants, cafes and bars abound. In addition to hotels there is a good offer of tourist apartments.
El Monti neighborhood of Rome is the neighborhood of the art galleries and the wineries. After a long period of urban development, today it is a meeting point for all young tourists traveling through the capital.
Is a neighborhood with a great atmosphere, full of decoration stores, vintage shops, cafes and restaurants with very good vibes, without a doubt, it is one of the neighborhoods where you can enjoy in Rome. In the Santa Maria di Monti Square The Romans gather in the afternoon for a drink and dinner. For watch accommodation guide you through the streets Serpentei, Boschetto and the Plaza de Santa María di Monti.
Rome has 2 airports: Ciampino, which is the most old and small of the two what's in Rome and it's located at 15 km the center of Rome and FiumicinoPlus known as Leonardo da Vinci airport, is the most important in Italy given the amount of tourist traffic that moves annually. It is located about 30 km from the center of Rome and consists of five terminals.
Our recommendation is that use a good flight comparator to locate the flight that best suits your needs.
How to get from the airports of Rome
From the Ciampino airport
Blue bus line COTRAL: It is the cheapest formula, they take you to the Anagnina metro stop on line "A" (orange). If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the COTRAL website: http://www.cotralspa.it/
Airport Shuttle Bus: similar to the previous one although a little more expensive, os They take you to Termini. From there, you can move to any point in the city. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the web: https://www.sitbusshuttle.com/
From the Fiumicino airport
Express train: It is the most comfortable option, but also the most expensive. Leonardo Express trains connect the airport with the Termini station without stopping. From Termini, you can move to any place in the city.
Normal line train FR1: It connects with the metro line, it is almost as fast as the express and it is quite cheaper. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the Trenitalia website: http://www.ferroviedellostato.it/
Blue bus line COTRAL: It is the cheapest formula, it has three lines that will take you to three different destinations, all of them with connections to the metro lines. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the COTRAL website: http://www.cotralspa.it/
SIT direct white bus: It is the best alternative to the train since it makes a direct trip from the airport to the Cavour square (next to the San Angelo castle) and the Termini station. If you need to know the exact timetables, you can see them on the SIT website: http://www.sitbusshuttle.it/
Reach the city of Rome by train
If you are going to get to Rome by train, you have to know that the central point from which move everywhere in Rome is the Termini station. This is the station where most of the trains usually arrive. From here you can take the bus, metro or train to most destinations to which you need to move. The station is located in the Cinquecento square.
It is located half-centrally, although it is not fully immersed in the historic center of Rome. To give you an idea, in half an hour walk you can reach almost anyone of the main monuments of the city. It is not an area with much tourist attraction, which makes it a area full of restaurants, shops and accommodation at competitive prices. Perhaps the worst thing about this area is that it is quite dirty and neglected.
Another option to get to Rome is through the ship, docking at the Port of Civitavecchia, located at 72 kilometers from the city. This distance is one of the biggest problems that you will have to face after arriving by boat to Italy. Some of the main ones companies with which you can look for a ferry with which to approach you to Italy are the following:
En train: It takes 50 minutes and it drops you at the Termini station. To get to the station where you can catch the train, there is a free bus from the port that brings you every half hour. The station is at 500 meters, in case anyone wants to walk.
En bus company COTRAL: in the Vittorio Emmanuele square you can take an interurban bus (they are blue) that leaves you in the center of Rome.
In the "C" city bus: In Piazza Vittorio Emmanuele you can take this bus that will leave you at the FC station. From there you can take a train to the Termini station.
If Rome is something that characterizes it, it is a city that is very easy to reach, but also move around it by public transport, since it has all the means you can need to travel from one end of the city to another, but also to the airport and other nearby locations, as well as other points in Italy, if that is your idea.
Getting around by metro in Rome is quite simple, given that there are only two metro lines, the A (orange) and the B (blue). most of monuments have a subway stop quite close of them, as much the same from some stop to a monument you can find that there are 10 minutes walking.
The subway it works every day of the year from the 05: 30 up to 23.30, expanding your schedule on Friday and Saturday until the 01: 30. Keep an eye on subway stations at robberies of pickpockets! He main point of connection of the two lines Subway is produced at the Termini station, keep this in mind when having to make transfers. Yes you arrive in Rome by train (Fr1), the Piramide stop also offers connection to metro line B (blue).
Remember that with the Roma Pass card, you can make all the trips you want during three days.
The best thing you can see and do during your stay in Rome
The Coliseum, the Trevi Fountain, the Sistine Chapel, the Catacombs ... Enjoy your trip to the Italian capital to the fullest by visiting the essential places of Rome.
The Roman Coliseum
The Coliseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, is considered today as one of the seven Wonders of the World. It was commissioned in the year 72 ac by Emperor Vespasian and finished at 80 by his son, Tito Subsequently, Domiciano made a series of improvements.
It is located just east of the Roman Forum, and with its arc of 80 entries, allowed entry to 55.000 spectators, who sat according to their rank. To get an idea of their greatness, keep in mind that its elliptical shape measures 188 m long by 156 wide.
Almost for 500 years, it was the center of Roman games. The last games of history were in the sixth century.
It is the largest and most famous baroque fountain in Rome. Inspired by Roman triumphal arcs, it has 26 meters long by 20 meters wide, almost nothing. The Fontana, as we know it today, was designed by Incola Salvi in 1732 and finished in 1762.
In the center of the fountain you can see the figure of Neptune, god of the seas, flanked by two newts. One of them He struggles to master a sea horse, while the other It leads a much more docile animal. Initially, the source marked the end of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct, built on the 19 ac
The Roman forum
The forum was the center of political, economic, judicial life and commercial of ancient Rome, and in it were carried out from business operations, business, administration of justice, religious acts and others common actions in the life of the Roman inhabitants.
After its period of glory, the Forum was attacked without rest for centuries for the barbarians, after what which was progressively dismantled by any person (from popes to homeless people) who needed Construction materials. There is much missing, but if it is taken into account that for hundreds of years it has been used as if it were a quarry, what is incredible is that I survived.
The tour of the Forum starts at the most entrance near the Colosseum.
The pantheon of Agrippa
The Pantheon is one of the greatest spiritual buildings of the world. It was initially built as a temple Roman according to the wishes of Marco Agrippa, son of César Augusto, in the 27 a. C. and later consecrated as Catholic Church.
The monument can be found right opposite from the Piazza della Rotonda. Through large doors of bronze, access to a large circular interior room. The inner volume is a cylinder above which raise a hemispherical dome. Natural light enters through a oculus in the center of the dome and through the bronze doors of the porch. As the sun moves, beams of light illuminate granite walls and floor and marble yellow.
The castle of Sant'Angelo
In front of the bridge of Sant 'Angelo is the Castle of Sant'Angelo, a huge circular structure started by Adriano as a mausoleum for him and his family. At the beginning of the Middle Ages the tomb was surrounded by walls and It became the citadel of Rome. In its general plan, the castle follows the form of Hadrian's mausoleum, given that The exact design is unknown.
The name of the castle comes from the legend of San Gregory the Great, who had a vision of an angel who appears in the fortress, and announces the end of the plague. In 1500 Rafaello di Montelupo created a statue of the angel that originally he was in the watchtower and now he's on display at the Cortile d'Onore (court of honor).
The best squares in the city of Rome
Known for their lively atmosphere or for their spectacular fountains, the squares of Rome are the center of the daily life of the inhabitants of the city. Here we present the most important and known.
It is probably the square that best represents the great baroque era in Rome. It was built exactly in the same place where the Domitian stadium was located, built in the 86 BC for the games (the Roman ruins are still visible in the crypt of the church of Sant Agnese in Agone).
The Piazza Navona today is a pedestrian area, has two Baroque fountains (Fountain of the Moor and Fountain of Neptune) and a third central baroque (Fountain of the Four Rivers) designed by Bernini. In front of the fountain of Piazza Navona, we can find the Church of Sant Agnese in Agone, whose facade (made by Borromini) is one of the most famous Baroque works in Rome.
The church of Sant Agnese in Agone It rises in the place where, according to traditionAt the age of twelve, Agnese was martyred during the violent persecution of Diocletian at the end of the third century.
The form and the scenic character of the Piazza Navona is due to the will of the Pamphili family who had the greatest architects of their time to make it magnificent. The square was scenario of various games, one of the most fun was the so-called "lake", a game that took place in the square during the summer. The plaza was flooded and people could enjoy its freshness. Custom it was suppressed at the end of the 19th century for reasons of hygiene.
The Piazza Navona is a place full of life with a lot of elegant restaurants and ice cream parlors, and with the entertainment offered by small artists who dedicate themselves to music or painting.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop of the orange line (A).
The square is considered as a masterpiece of the eighteenth century. Originally built, since it looks like a butterfly, it extends at the foot of the Pincio Hill, and in its top we can find the Church of France Trinita dei Monti (1502). The plaza and the church are connected by the monumental Spanish stairway, built between 1723 and 1726 with 138 steps. Once a year during the summer, the square is Hostess of a famous fashion show, and its stairway is used as a walkway.
In the square is the Fountain of the Barcaccia, built in 1598 by order of Pope Urban VIII, to commemorate the disastrous flood caused by the Tiber River the same year. The Fontana della Barcaccia has boat shape (hence its name) and engraved with the emblems of the Bernini family: suns and bees.
The most glamorous streets of Rome lead to the Piazza di Spagna (via Condotti and via del Babuino). The Area around the Piazza di Spagna is where you can find the most prestigious shopsRome's like Prada, Valentino, Gucci, etc ... It is an ideal starting point for shopping in Rome.
You can get to the square by metro, going down at the Spagna stop of the orange line (A).
The Campidoglio square is located in the top of Capitol Hill, in Rome, where once the Roman deities were praised and today is the seat of the Italian Government.
The current structure dates from 1560, as a result of Michelangelo's project inspired by pre-existing buildings. Access to the square is through a majestic staircase where we will find 3 main buildings:
El Senate palace (whose structure was completed by Giacomo Dalla Porta and Rinaldi Girolamo between 1582 and 1605) and is the seat of the municipality of the city.
El Palace of the Conservatives (on the right side of the square), built by Guidetto Guidetti and Giacomo Dalla Porta in 1568, following original drawings by Michelangelo, nowadays the Pinacoteca Capitolina (Art Museum of the Capitol).
El Nuovo palace (on the left side of the square), built by the Rinaldi brothers in 1655 again following the original drawings of Michelangelo, where the Capitoline Museum (museum with Greek and Roman works of art) is located.
In the square of the Campidoglio it is also You can find the famous statue of the Wolf with the twins (Romulus and Remus).
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Coliseo stop on the blue line (B) and walking about 10 minutes.
Arriving at end of the Via Venetto You will be able to find Piazza Barberini, where is the wonderful Fontana del Tritone. Created by Bernini in 1642, it is composed of a muscular newt with four dolphins around who touches a seashell.
For those of you who have read Angels and Demons by Dan Brown, it will not be unknown to you, since he places here part of the plot of his story. What many probably do not know is that the fountain was built in order to provide water from the aqueduct of Acque Felice.
On the corner with Via Venetto is the other great unknown of this square, the Fontana delle Api with its huge shell. In the square you will also find the Barberini Palace, in whose interior it is possible to appreciate numerous artistic works of the Gallery of Ancient Art. Inside you will find masterpieces of art as:
La Fornarinaof Rafael: portrait of Margherita Luti, Rafael's lover, with the naked bust.
Judit and Holofernes, of Caravaggio: presents the episode the biblical heroine, cutting with surprising serenity the head of General Holofernes.
Portrait of Beatrice Cenci, of Guido Reni: he is very famous for sentimental reasons, because the young aristocrat, whose history has always moved the Romans, appears portrayed on the eve of his execution.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop of the orange line (A).
The Plaza de San Pedro, one of the largest in the world, and its impressive obelisk located in the center of it, opens the way to the largest basilica that exists today in the Christian world: the Basilica of San Pedro. It also represents the core of the Vatican City, the smallest state in the world.
Originally, the plaza was the place where they were located the circus of Nero and the gardens, and where many Christians were martyred (including San Pedro). In the center of the square stands an impressive Egyptian obelisk brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula at the 37 ac
The spectacular elliptical colonnade that surrounds the square was built by Bernini, and is composed of 284 columns and 88 pillars arranged in four rows. It symbolizes, according to the artist, the "meeting of Christianity" Located on top of the columns, there are 140 statues of saints made by Bernini's disciples.
As a curiosity, near the obelisk there is a marked spot on the ground by a stone from which if you look towards the colonnade you will see a single row of columns, creating a very special optical illusion.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Ottaviano stop of the orange line (A).
The Plaza Colonna is a square located in the political nerve center from Rome. In fact, in the north of the square is the Chigi palace (dates from the 16th century), which has been the official residence of the prime minister of Italy from 1961. To the south of the square, in Piazza di Pietra, you will find what is left of the Temple of Hadrian (2nd century).
On the eastern side of the square Colonna Gallery. This large building was built in 1922 and has an interior passage full of shops. On the south side you will find the Ferraioli palace, created in 1627.
Square It gets its name from the marble column of Marco Aurelio located in the center of it since the year 193, built in honor of the military victories of Marco Aurelio. Crowning the column there is a bronze statue representing Saint Paul and that it was placed there in 1589 by order of Pope Sixtus V. The reliefs depict live scenes of the battles against the Germanic tribes and the Sarmatians.
You can get to the square by metro, getting off at the Barberini stop on the orange line (A) and keep going on the Via del Tritone.
The Piazza del Popolo (town square) is a pedestrian square closed to oval traffic located right on the entrance of the walls of Rome where executions were carried out during the XVIII and XIX centuries. It is located in what is called the "trident", that is, where three of the most important streets converge, Via Corso, Via del Babuino and Via di Ripetta.
The first thing that will attract your attention when you get to this place is the central obelisk (obelisk flaminio) that is accompanied by 4 fountains in the shape of a lion and dedicated to Ramses II. It is in this square where you will find the churches of Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria in Montesanto. At first glance they look like genetics, but they are not. Just look at its domes and realize that the church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli has a circular dome and the church of Santa Maria in Montesanto has a clown oval.
To the north of the square, you will find the Church of Santa María del Popolo and the Port of the Popolo (door of the village), old Flaminia Gate, which is the gateway to the wall of Rome and has a welcome message to its visitors that says "For a happy and auspicious entrance". In this area you will also see the Pincio Gardens, where you will find beautiful neoclassical statues.
Other places in Rome
There are many other squares in Rome, which without being so monumental, also have a special charm, such as Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere, in the center of the lively Trastevere district.
Other places not so well known but of equal beauty:
The Vatican museums in Rome harbor the more works of art of the Catholic Church collected by the popes of the Renaissance, such as Julius II, Innocent VIII and Sixtus IV. Most of the contribution was made in the eighteenth century. The Vatican Museum is also home to the Sistine Chapel, the Raphael Rooms and the Etruscan Museum.
The Sistine Chapel is the largest chapel in the Vatican Palace and was covered with frescoes by some of the best artists of the 15th and 16th centuries. The 12 paintings on the side walls, by artists such as Perugino, Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Signorelli, show analogous episodes of the life of Christ and Moses. The decoration of the Sistine Chapel, the treasure of the Vatican museums, was completed between 1534 and 1541 by Michelangelo, who added the fresco to the high altar, the Last Judgment.
The Stays of Rafael (apartments of Pope Julius II) were built in the early sixteenth century and are part of the Vatican museums. Julius II was so impressed with Rafael's work that he chose him to decorate the four rooms. Rafael and his disciples began the task at 1508, replacing the existing works by several well-known artists, such as Perugino.
You have to bear in mind that the Vatican museums is one of the places that most visitors receive throughout the year, with which the queues to enter are quite important. And let's not say anything on the last Sunday of every month, when admission is free.
You can get to the Vatican museums by metro, getting off at the Cipro-Musei Vaticani stop of the orange line (A).
The Capitoline Museums They consist of two palaces, Palazzo Nuovo and Palazzo dei Conservatori, remember this since the entrance is combined and it is good for the two museums.
El New Palace It is the smallest building of the Capitoline Museums and was opened to the public at 1734 by Pope Clement XII. This palace contains mostly selections from Greek and Roman sculptures like the Discóbolo. In the Hall of the Philosophers you will find portraits of Greek political busts, scientists and poets.
El Palace of the Conservatives It was the headquarters of the magistrates of the city during the Middle Ages. Its rooms covered in colorful frescoes are still occasionally used for political meetings. Here you will find masterpieces of sculpture Constantine, the Medusa by Bernini and fabulous paintings by Veronese, Tintoretto, Caravaggio and Van Dyck. Outside the palace, you will find the "Loba" with Romulus and Remus.
You can get to the Capitoline museums by metro, getting off at the Colosseo stop on the blue line (B) and walking to the Plaza del Campidoglio.
Basilica of Saint Peter
La largest basilica in the Christian world, this is the perfect definition to apply to an impressive building that is located in full heart of the Vatican City, and preceded by the Plaza de San Pedro.
With its 186 meters long (218 if we also consider the porch) and a Height of 46 meters of the central nave, has a surface of 22.000 square meters that can house 22.000 faithful. The basilica is built on the tomb of Saint Peter and it was finalized in 1626 after 120 years of construction, working on it so consecrated artists as Bramante, Miguel Ángel or Carlo Maderno.
Inside the basilica, the Dress control is a little rigorous: long pants, knee-length skirts and covered shoulders. Inside we will find a lots of works of artstored between the 45 altars and the 11 chapels inside.
You will find 10.000 square meters of mosaics, the Piety by Miguel Ángel, the Baldachin of Bernini, the statue of Saint Peter, the papal canopy, the monument to Urban VIII, the monument to Cristina de Suecia (by Carlo Fontana), etc ...
One of the better views that you are going to be able to obtain in Rome is from the cupola of the basilica of San Pedro, keep in mind that it reaches a Height of 136 meters. You can upload walking (551 steps) or in elevator to the beginning of the dome (Then you have left 320 steps still. The elevator is for people 10, so you can imagine the queues that can be formed, you are warned.
You can get to the Basilica of San Pedro by metro going down at the Otatavian stop of the orange line (A).
San Giovanni in Laterano
The Basilica of San Juan de Letrán (in Italian, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano) it's really thecathedral of Rome since the Pope is also the bishop of Rome, as well as his official ecclesiastical seat. It is located in the square that bears his name (Piazza San Giovanni) and is the oldest church in the world since it was built under the pontificate of Melchiade (311 to 314) and its structure resembles quite the current Basilica of Saint Peter.
Damaged and rebuilt many times Throughout the centuries, its current appearance is of a Borromini design (1646-1649). The 15 statues of Christ and the saints located above the main entrance, symbolize the strength and power of the church. As we approach it, we see how a series of five doors encompass the portico that gives us access to the interior.
El The interior of the basilica consists of five naves of cruise. In the first pillar, on the right side of the central nave, there is a fresco attributed to Giotto that represents Saint Boniface VIII, announcing the first Jubilee. In the Massimo chapel there is a reproduction of the Black Virgin of Czestochowa, installed in 1978 to celebrate the election of John Paul II. Do not miss the tomb of Ricardo degli Anniballi, designed by Arnolfo di Cambio and varnished by Borromini. In the last chapel is the entrance to the cloister of the thirteenth century, by Vassaletto and son.
In a corner of Piazza San Giovanni stands the Santa Staircase. It is said that these stairs were originally in the palace of Pilate. The faithful usually climb this ladder on their knees, just as Christ had done, to receive his sentence. At the top of the stairs you will find the sancta sanctorum, or chapel of the Pope, which contains relics of saints from Jerusalem.
You can get to the Basilica of San Juan de Letran by metro getting off at the San Giovanni stop of the orange line (A).
Other churches in Rome
Rome has dozens of churches that are worth visiting and it is impossible to name each and every one of them, so we leave you with some that are well worth a visit.
Santa Maria Maggiore
The Basilica of Santa María la Mayor (Santa Maria Maggiore) is one of the four patriarchal basilicas of Rome. Its construction was ordered by Pope Liberio who, they say, the 5 of August of 356 saw the Virgin Mary in her dreams. She pointed out where the church should be built through a snowstorm on the Esquiline Hill (this is the reason why the church also it is known by its middle name: from Santa María "ad Nives", from Las Nieves).
Santa Maria in Trastevere
Located in the Trastevere neighborhood, in the square that bears his name (Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere), and completely surrounded by cafes, ice cream shops and restaurants, you will find the Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere, famous for its Byzantine mosaics and their medieval style. It is the first church in Rome that was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and the oldest basilica in the city. According to tradition, the church was a personal order of Pope Calixto I in the third century, when even Christianity was not widespread. It was here where (and always according to the legend) the first Catholic mass was celebrated de la ciudad.
Santa Maria della Scala
Another magnificent churches that you can find taking a walk through the charming neighborhood of Trastevere. It's found located between the Settimiana gate and the Plaza de Santa María and was built at the end of 1500 to keep and venerate a sacred image of the Virgin, placed under a small external staircase of a house next door where apparently they had happened several miracles.
Visiting the surroundings of Rome
24 August 79 dc changed the life of Pompeians forever. 20.000 people They suffered the onslaught of the mountain that one day decided to become a volcano. Today, Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions from Italy. Although much of the city was destroyed by the volcano, it was preserved thanks to being buried under more than 60 meters of ash and pumice, until it was discovered in the middle of the 1700 decade.
At the time of making the visit, the best is enter through the main entrance of Porta Marina. Look at the two openings in the door: the largest was for the cars, while the pedestrians used the smaller opening. Do not miss the foro. He commercial, religious and political center The city is located at the intersection of the two main streets of the city. In a patio next to the forum you will find molds in glass boxes of the victims of the volcano that were made by archaeologists at the end of 1800.
In India there is Houses of the Tragic Poet, there is the famous notice "Beware of the dog" at the entrance. If you need something similar, do not worry, they sell tile replicas at souvenir shops. The price of entrance to the city includes a map and a pocket guide, a short guide to Pompeii. This book is excellent and will take you, number by number, through the great sites of Pompeii that should not be missed.
The island of Capri
This island, located to the south of Italy, offers a privileged landscape and paradisiacal to everyone who visits it. You can walk the island's paths on long walks, strolling along Via Vittorio Emanuelle, famous for its exclusive stores, and the glamorous Via Camelle and Vía Croce. We will not leave aside the picturesque alleys, villages of white residences of medieval style, which offer us views of the beautiful fine sand beaches, bathed by the unmistakable blue of the Mediterranean Sea.
In Capri you will find one of the more rugged geography than there is in Italy, and proof of this is the Azzurra cave, with more than 50 m depth, 15m wide and 30m high, which can be accessed by boat from Marina Grande. The cave Azzurra It has become one of the main attractions of the place, since the light that penetrates from the entrance draws shining tonalities on the walls of the cave, reflecting in the water, creating in this way a almost magical atmosphere.
Between the points that are worth seeing highlights the Church of Santo Stefano, Villa San Michele or Villa Jovis from where you can get magnificent views of the island. For get to the island, the easiest is through the Naples airport, using the ferry (from the ports of the Gulf of Naples or the Sorrentina Peninsula) and disembarking in the main port of Marina Grande.
A 30 kilometers west of Rome, you will find one of the most flourishing Roman cities thanks to its situation as a commercial and port center. Thanks to the fact that at the time it was abandoned, the State of conservation is quite good.
You will find the remains of most of the buildings that made up the city before she was buried by the sand. The main road (Decumanus Maximus) runs through the city while on both sides appear the remains of the businesses that once existed.
There will be no shortage of taverns, shops, stores, and even a great restored theater in which representations continue during the summer months. You will also find the remains of 18 temples dedicated to the Persian god Mitra, a synagogue Jewish and a basilica Christian.
Just 30km northeast of Rome, in Tivoli, you will be able to visit the Villa de Adriano, better known as Villa Adriana, where you can see theor what remains of the residence of the emperor Hadrian. What you will find there are its ruins: more than 30 buildings and a villa organized around an Alexandrian type garden, with palaces, fountains, hot springs, temples, ceremonial halls, and theaters, among other sumptuosities.
As soon as you arrive, you can go through it and observe the excavated areas, tunnels, galleries and underground facilities used by the easement. More than a retirement home, it was a city in itself, inhabited at some point by more than five thousand people.
Between its most remarkable buildings there is the artificial pool and grotto known as Canopus and Serapeum, or the Maritime Theater.